What is API Security, How it Works and Its Functions?

Published on 14 March 2024

What is API Security, How it Works and Its Functions

In the digital era, Application Programming Interface (API) has become a necessity for every company, helping developers create and monitor applications quickly and efficiently. However, the use of APIs also has weak points that can be detrimental to companies. 

For example, API is vulnerable to cyberattacks because it has many security gaps for hackers. For example, a customer data leak occurred in early 2023 at a bank in Indonesia due to a ransomware attack. 

So, why are APIs easy targets for cyberattacks and how can they be prevented? Find the explanation in this article. 

What is API Security?

API Security is a security mechanism implemented to protect Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) from cyber threats and attacks. As a bridge that connects applications and other systems, APIs are vulnerable to various types of attacks, including injection attacks, Denial-of-Service (DoS) attacks, and malware. 

To mitigate risks and protect APIs, companies need to implement API Security. Why? Because API Security features strong authentication, end-to-end data encryption, strict access control, and continuous monitoring of API traffic. 

Of course, by implementing API Security, companies can maintain user trust, prevent financial and reputational losses, and ensure the smooth operation of their applications and systems. 

Why is the API Vulnerable to Hacking?

what is API Security

In fact, cyberattacks occur because there are gaps in the application security system. These gaps can be caused by various things, such as errors in application or system development, the inability to update software regularly, and the lack of ability to identify and deal with security threats quickly and effectively.  

Unsecured applications can certainly allow illegal access to sensitive information such as personal data, financial and business information. Apart from that, cyberattacks also occur because several companies use Shadow API. Shadow API is a third-party API that is not managed directly by the company’s IT security team, making it vulnerable to cyberattacks.  

In Indonesia, cases of cyberattacks on APIs often affect e-commerce, banking, health and online transportation applications. As a result, users’ personal data and information is stolen and even sold. 

To overcome this problem, it is time for application developers to ensure the security of their systems and update them regularly. Companies also need to use an API Security solution so they can carry out regular security testing and ensure that company and user data is protected. 

Why is it Important to Adopt API Security?

API Security is a critical component in the modern digital ecosystem that ensures the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of data and services provided by Application Programming Interfaces (APIs). 

The importance of API Security cannot be ignored because: 

Sensitive Data Protection

APIs are often used to access and manipulate sensitive data such as user information, financial transactions, and identity details. Without adequate layers of security, APIs are vulnerable to cyberattacks that can result in the theft or manipulation of such sensitive data. 

Cyber Attack Prevention

By implementing proper security practices, such as the use of firewalls, monitoring API traffic, and regular updates, organizations can reduce the risk of cyberattacks and protect their systems from damage. 

Regulatory Compliance

Many industries, such as finance, healthcare, and e-commerce, are subject to strict security regulations and standards, such as GDPR, PCI DSS, and HIPAA. Failure to maintain API security can result in regulatory violations and serious legal consequences, including financial fines and reputational damage. 

Are Traditional Security Approaches Sufficient for Fire Protection?

Traditional approaches to security are often inadequate to protect APIs effectively. Methods that rely solely on firewalls and basic authentication are often insufficient to address increasingly complex threats to APIs. 

APIs have unique and complex properties that require a specific and more sophisticated security approach. They interact with various systems and applications, providing multiple entry points through which hackers may compromise. 

Additionally, APIs often continue to change and evolve over time, introducing changes in potential entry points for attacks. Therefore, the API Security approach must also be dynamic and adaptable, with continuous monitoring and updating to identify and address emerging threats. 

What are the Risks of Using Traditional Security APIs?

API Security risks are threats that can cause serious harm to organizations and their users. Some of the main risks associated with API Security include: 

Sensitive Data Leak

Security vulnerabilities in APIs can be exploited by attackers to steal sensitive data, such as users’ personal information, login credentials, or financial data. Data leaks can cause financial losses, reputational losses, and violate applicable privacy regulations. 

Data Manipulation

Hackers who successfully infiltrate the API can manipulate or change the data sent or received by the application. This can result in misinformation, financial loss, or even damage to the company’s reputation. 

Denial-of-Service (DoS) Attack

DoS attacks aim to disable services by pouring extremely high levels of traffic to the API, causing performance degradation or even total system failure. These types of attacks can disrupt business operations, cause financial losses, and damage a company’s reputation. 

Security Vulnerability Injection and Exploitation

Attackers can exploit security holes in APIs to carry out injection attacks, such as SQL injection or XML injection, which can provide unauthorized access to systems or sensitive data. 

Loss of Control over Access

Lack of proper access controls on APIs can lead to unauthorized or unauthorized access to systems and data. This can open the door for attackers to damage or steal important information. 

Addressing security risks in APIs requires a holistic approach, such as the Akamai WAF and F5 API Security solutions, which include the implementation of strong security practices and continuous monitoring of API traffic. 

Best API Security Solution from Akamai WAF

Akamai WAF is a suite of solutions designed to effectively protect APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) from various security threats. One of the main solutions offered is Web Application Firewall (WAF), which helps protect APIs from cyberattacks such as injection attacks, XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) attacks, and DoS (Denial of Service) attacks. 

Akamai WAF for API Security

Source: Akamai API Security Product Brief  

Akamai WAF uses Artificial Intelligence and behavioral analysis to identify and block attacks before they reach the user’s infrastructure, thereby maintaining security and service availability. 

Akamai API Security also provides solutions to manage user access through strong authentication and authorization. This includes API tokens, integration with identity services, and role-based access control. This way, only users who have valid credentials and appropriate permissions can access the API, reducing the risk of unauthorized or unauthorized access. 

In addition to protection against attacks and access management, Akamai API Security also offers powerful monitoring and analysis features. This solution allows users to monitor API traffic in real-time, detect suspicious activity, and respond quickly to security threats. 

Complete Your API Security System with Integrated Solutions from F5

In addition to deploying Akamai WAF, you can use F5 API Security to provide security across multiple environments, including data centers, cloud infrastructure, edge networking, mobile applications, and third-party integrations. 

F5 API Security

Source: F5 API Security 

By extending security measures across complex digital and multi-cloud infrastructures, F5 aims to reduce risk and operational complexity while improving the overall security posture. 

Continuous protection is another important aspect of the F5 API Security solution. Through visibility, implementable insights, and ML capabilities, F5 enables companies to continuously monitor and defend against API threats. 

So, F5 enables companies to innovate with confidence while ensuring the security and integrity of their API-driven digital initiatives throughout the development, implementation, and maintenance lifecycle. 

Read more: Practical Strategies for Safeguarding Personal Data and Cybersecurity in the Public Sector 

Strengthen Your API Security, Consult with the CDT Team

It’s time to create a secure API security system against cyber-attacks and threats through the Akamai WAF and F5 API Security solutions at Central Data Technology (CDT). 

CDT as an advanced authorized partner of F5 and Akamai, will help you from the consultation stage, deployment, to after-sales support to avoid trial and error. For more information about F5 and Akamai, contact us by clicking the following link. 

Author: Ary Adianto 

CTI Group Content Writers 

Tags

Don’t miss out!

Sign up for our newsletter and stay up to date.

Privacy & Policy

PT Central Data Technology (“CDT” atau “kami”) sangat berkomitmen untuk memastikan bahwa privasi Anda dilindungi dengan sebaik-baiknya sebagai hal yang sangat penting bagi kami. Melalui https://blog.centraldatatech.com/, kami akan mengatur penggunaan Anda terhadap situs web ini, termasuk semua halaman dalam situs web ini (secara kolektif disebut di bawah ini sebagai “Situs Web ini”), kami ingin berkontribusi dalam menyediakan lingkungan yang aman dan terjamin bagi pengunjung.

Berikut adalah ketentuan kebijakan privasi (“Kebijakan Privasi”) antara Anda (“Anda” atau “Anda”) dan CDT. Dengan mengakses situs web ini, Anda mengakui bahwa Anda telah membaca, memahami, dan menyetujui untuk terikat oleh Kebijakan Privasi ini.

Penggunaan Layanan Langganan oleh CDT dan Pelanggan Kami

Ketika Anda meminta informasi dari CDT dan memberikan informasi yang secara pribadi mengidentifikasi Anda atau memungkinkan kami untuk menghubungi Anda, Anda setuju untuk mengungkapkan informasi tersebut kepada kami. CDT dapat mengungkap informasi tersebut hanya untuk keperluan pemasaran, promosi, dan aktivitas sebatas untuk CDT dan Situs Web ini.

Pengumpulan Informasi

Anda bebas menjelajahi Situs Web ini tanpa memberikan informasi pribadi tentang diri Anda. Ketika Anda mengunjungi Situs Web atau mendaftar untuk layanan langganan, kami menyediakan beberapa informasi navigasional untuk Anda mengisi informasi pribadi Anda agar dapat mengakses beberapa konten yang kami tawarkan.

CDT dapat mengumpulkan data pribadi Anda seperti nama Anda, alamat email, nama perusahaan, nomor telepon, dan informasi lainnya tentang Anda atau bisnis Anda. Kami mengumpulkan data Anda dengan berbagai cara, secara online dan offline. CDT mengumpulkan data Anda secara online menggunakan fitur media sosial, pemasaran melalui email, situs web, dan teknologi cookies. Kami mungkin mengumpulkan data Anda secara offline dalam acara-acara seperti konferensi, pertemuan, lokakarya, dll. Namun, kami tidak akan menggunakan atau mengungkapkan informasi tersebut kepada pihak ketiga atau mengirimkan email yang tidak diminta ke salah satu alamat yang kami kumpulkan, tanpa izin Anda. Kami memastikan bahwa identitas pribadi Anda hanya akan digunakan sesuai dengan Kebijakan Privasi ini.

Bagaimana CDT Menggunakan Informasi yang Dikumpulkan

CDT hanya menggunakan informasi yang dikumpulkan sesuai dengan kebijakan privasi ini. Pelanggan yang berlangganan layanan langganan kami diwajibkan melalui perjanjian dengan mereka untuk mematuhi Kebijakan Privasi ini.

Selain penggunaan informasi Anda, kami dapat menggunakan informasi pribadi Anda untuk:

  • Meningkatkan pengalaman penjelajahan Anda dengan mempersonalisasi situs web dan meningkatkan layanan langganan.
  • Mengirim informasi tentang CDT.
  • Mempromosikan layanan kami kepada Anda dan berbagi konten promosi dan informatif dengan Anda sesuai dengan preferensi komunikasi Anda.
  • Mengirim informasi kepada Anda mengenai perubahan dalam syarat layanan pelanggan kami, Kebijakan Privasi (termasuk kebijakan cookie), atau perjanjian hukum lainnya.

Teknologi Cookies

Cookies adalah potongan kecil data yang situs web transfer ke hard drive komputer pengguna ketika pengguna mengunjungi situs web. Cookies dapat mencatat preferensi Anda saat mengunjungi situs tertentu dan memberikan keuntungan dalam mengidentifikasi minat pengunjung kami untuk analisis statistik situs kami. Informasi ini dapat memungkinkan kami untuk meningkatkan konten, memodifikasi, dan membuat situs kami lebih ramah pengguna.

Cookies digunakan untuk beberapa alasan, seperti alasan teknis agar situs web kami dapat beroperasi. Cookies juga memungkinkan kami untuk melacak dan mengarahkan minat pengguna kami untuk meningkatkan pengalaman situs web dan layanan langganan kami. Data ini digunakan untuk memberikan konten dan promosi yang disesuaikan dengan pelanggan yang memiliki minat pada subjek tertentu.

Anda memiliki hak untuk memutuskan apakah menerima atau menolak cookies. Anda dapat mengedit preferensi cookies Anda melalui pengaturan browser. Jika Anda memilih untuk menolak cookies, Anda masih dapat menggunakan situs web kami, meskipun akses Anda ke beberapa fungsi dan area situs web kami mungkin terbatas.

Situs Web ini juga dapat menampilkan iklan dari pihak ketiga yang berisi tautan ke situs web lain yang menarik. Setelah Anda menggunakan tautan ini untuk meninggalkan situs kami, harap dicatat bahwa kami tidak memiliki kendali atas situs tersebut. CDT tidak dapat bertanggung jawab atas perlindungan dan privasi informasi yang Anda berikan saat mengunjungi situs web tersebut, dan Kebijakan Privasi ini tidak mengatur situs web tersebut.

Kontrol Data Pribadi Anda

CDT memberikan kendali kepada Anda untuk mengelola data pribadi Anda. Anda dapat meminta akses, koreksi, pembaruan, atau penghapusan informasi pribadi Anda. Anda dapat berhenti berlangganan dari aktivitas pemasaran kami dengan mengklik “berhenti berlangganan” di bagian bawah email kami atau menghubungi kami langsung untuk menghapus Anda dari daftar langganan kami.

Kami akan menjaga informasi pribadi Anda agar tetap akurat, dan kami memungkinkan Anda untuk memperbaiki atau mengubah informasi identifikasi pribadi Anda melalui marketing@centraldatatech.com

Jangan lewatkan!

Daftar untuk newsletter kami dan tetap terkini.

Privacy & Policy

PT Central Data Technology (“CDT” or “us”) is strongly committed to ensuring that your privacy is protected as utmost importance to us. https://centraldatatech.com/ , we shall govern your use of this website, including all pages within this website (collectively referred to herein below as this “Website”), we want to contribute to providing a safe and secure environment for visitors.

The following are terms of privacy policy (“Privacy Policy”) between you (“you” or “your”) and CDT. By accessing the website, you acknowledge that you have read, understood and agree to be bound by this Privacy Policy

Use of The Subscription Service by CDT and Our Customers

When you request information from CDT and supply information that personally identifies you or allows us to contact you, you agree to disclose that information with us. CDT may disclose such information for marketing, promotional and activity only for the purpose of CDT and the Website.

Collecting Information

You are free to explore the Website without providing any personal information about yourself. When you visit the Website or register for the subscription service, we provide some navigational information for you to fill out your personal information to access some content we offered.

CDT may collect your personal data such as your name, email address, company name, phone number and other information about yourself or your business. We are collecting your data in some ways, online and offline. CDT collects your data online using features of social media, email marketing, website, and cookies technology. We may collect your data offline in events like conference, gathering, workshop, etc. However, we will not use or disclose those informations with third party or send unsolicited email to any of the addresses we collect, without your express permission. We ensure that your personal identities will only be used in accordance with this Privacy Policy.

How CDT Use the Collected Information

CDT use the information that is collected only in compliance with this privacy policy. Customers who subscribe to our subscription services are obligated through our agreements with them to comply with this Privacy Policy.

In addition to the uses of your information, we may use your personal information to:

  • Improve your browsing experience by personalizing the websites and to improve the subscription services.
  • Send information about CDT.
  • Promote our services to you and share promotional and informational content with you in accordance with your communication preferences.
  • Send information to you regarding changes to our customers’ terms of service, Privacy Policy (including the cookie policy), or other legal agreements

Cookies Technology

Cookies are small pieces of data that the site transfers to the user’s computer hard drive when the user visits the website. Cookies can record your preferences when visiting a particular site and give the advantage of identifying the interest of our visitor for statistical analysis of our site. This information can enable us to improve the content, modifying and making our site more user friendly.

Cookies were used for some reasons such as technical reasons for our website to operate. Cookies also enable us to track and target the interest of our users to enhance the experience of our website and subscription service. This data is used to deliver customized content and promotions within the Helios to customers who have an interest on particular subjects.

You have the right to decide whether to accept or refuse cookies. You can edit your cookies preferences on browser setup. If you choose to refuse the cookies, you may still use our website though your access to some functionality and areas of our website may be restricted.

This Website may also display advertisements from third parties containing links to other websites of interest. Once you have used these links to leave our site, please note that we do not have any control over the website. CDT cannot be responsible for the protection and privacy of any information that you provide while visiting such websites and this Privacy Policy does not govern such websites.

Control Your Personal Data

CDT give control to you to manage your personal data. You can request access, correction, updates or deletion of your personal information. You may unsubscribe from our marketing activity by clicking unsubscribe us from the bottom of our email or contacting us directly to remove you from our subscription list.

We will keep your personal information accurate, and we allow you to correct or change your personal identifiable information through marketing@centraldatatech.com